Centres Of Excellences

Gastrointestinal Surgery

Fix An Appointment

The AIMS Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery features a highly experienced team of gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeons. Emergency cases are handled round the clock through Casualty.

This department has a comprehensive surgical program focusing on

  • Oncological Surgery of the GI Tract.
  • Pancreatico-Biliary Surgery.
  • Gastric and Oesophageal Surgery.
  • Liver Transplant.
  • Advanced Laparoscopic Surgical Procedures.
  • Specialised Colorectal Surgery including Sphincter Saving.
  • Stapled and Pouch Procedures.
  • Intra-Abdominal Vascular Reconstructions.
  • Retroperitoneal Tumour Excisions.
  • Intra-Abdominal Trauma.

Services Offered

Surgical Procedures

Gastric and Oesophageal Surgery

All major gastric and oesophageal surgeries are undertaken. Minimally invasive gastric and oesophageal surgeries are offered to patients where appropriate. The following conditions are treated on a regular basis:

  • Gastric Cancer - Palliative and curative resections for gastric and gastro-esophageal junction cancers are performed frequently, along with gastrectomy with extended lymph node dissections.
  • Achalasia Cardia - The initial work up is done in the esophageal motility lab in the Medical Gastroenterology department, then the GI Surgery department sees patients who need surgery. Laparoscopic myotomy is performed so that patients can avoid the risk of open surgery with its attendant morbidity.
  • Esophageal Cancer - Transthoracic and transhiatal oesophagectomies are also performed regularly. Inoperable patients are palliated by expandable metallic stents or endoscopic feeding gastrostomies. The management of these patients is generally undertaken in consultation with an oncologist to plan the adjuvant treatment that may be needed.
  • Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease -The treatment is begun only after extensive evaluation in the motility lab of the Medical Gastroenterology department. Optional minimally invasive anti-reflux surgery is offered to the patient.
  • Ulcer Disease - With the current advances in medical treatment, it is rare for patients to need surgical intervention. When such cases do arise, the department offers the options of laparoscopic as well as open acid reduction procedures.

Small Intestine and Colorectal Surgery

The GI Surgery department provides integrated oncology care. The treatment of patients with rectal cancer is planned in consultation with an oncologist to include pre-operative radiotherapy. This approach significantly reduces the risk of recurrence of the cancer. The department carries out a variety of procedures and treats conditions including:

  • Colorectal Cancers - Low anterior resections and stapled pouch anastomosis are carried out routinely. All attempts are made at sphincter preservation. Laparoscopic colorectal resections are being taken up on depending on patient preference and suitability.
  • Polyposis Syndrome - Patients with polyposis syndrome are evaluated fully in the department for coexisting pathology and are offered sphincter-preserving procedures like Ileal Pouch Anal Canal Anastomosis.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - Inflammatory bowel disease like ulcerative colitis and Crohn's Disease are handled in consultation with the Medical Gastroenterology department. Advanced procedures like Ileal Pouch Anal Canal Anastomosis are done regularly. Staged procedures for complicated IBD and management of fistulas utilize the services of the integrated stoma care services.
  • Abdominal Tuberculosis - The advanced facilities available in the hospital permit non invasive or minimally invasive confirmation of this often obscure pathology.
  • Rectal Prolapse - Rectal prolapse is being treated routinely by Laparoscopic Rectopexy, thus allowing early return to activity for the patients.
  • Complicated Perianal Conditions - the evaluation and management of complex perianal fistulae is aided greatly by the excellent imaging modalities of conventional and MR fistulograms done in the Radiology department. Stapler hemorrhoidectomy is offered to patients at their choice, avoiding the painful and prolonged convalescence after piles surgery.
  • Anal Sphincter Reconstruction and Augmentation -Reconstruction of anal sphincter with muscle transfer procedures are done for patients with incontinence due to traumatic injuries to the sphincter.

Hepato Pancreato Biliary Services

  • Liver surgery - Major liver resections are undertaken routinely for primary cancers of the liver and the biliary tree.
  • Pancreas - The unit has carried out more than 120 major pancreatic resections with results being comparable with the best centres in the world. Surgical treatment is offered to patients with pancreatic cancers as well as chronic pancreatitis.
  • Disorders of the biliary system - The treatment of gallstone disease is done in coordination with the Medical Gastroenterology Department so as to allow planning of combined and sequential treatment procedures that would help in reducing the hospital stay. Surgical management of complicated benign biliary disorders is done by biliary reconstructive procedures.
  • Bile duct and gall bladder cancer - Palliative and curative resections for biliary cancer and palliative drainage procedures are performed. Combined liver and bile duct resection for advanced bile duct cancers are being performed regularly with excellent results. Patients who have inoperable diseases are offered various palliative measures like stenting or bypass procedures.

Laparoscopic Surgeries

The unit operates with two fully equipped laparoscopic suites, which are also equipped with advanced equipment like Harmonic Scalpel, Argon laser, endoscopic stapling devices and endoscopic suturing devices.

The unit is routinely conducting:

  • Lap cholecystectomy
  • Lap common bile duct exploration for stone disease
  • Lap appendicectomy
  • Laparoscopic hernia repair
  • Diagnostic laparoscopy for the evaluation of obscure abdominal symptoms,
  • pain or ascites
  • Lap assisted colorectal resections for cancer
  • Lap liver surgeries for cystic diseases of the liver
  • Lap directed small bowel surgeries
  • Lap myotomy for Achalasia Cardia
  • Lap splenectomy
  • Lap cysto-gastrostomy
  • Lap bariatric surgery

Liver Transplantation

The treatment options for treatment of patient with end stage liver disease are limited and the patient usually follows a steady downhill course unless transplanted.

Gastro Intestinal Oncology

The department works in close association with the Department of Oncology. Management of cancers is handled on the basis of protocols already in place. This close association between the departments allows the patients to get integrated care for their diseases. Unlike most other centres, all phases of the treatment can be completed under one roof. Adjuvant treatment for colorectal cancers, cancers of the stomach and pancreas, cholangiocarcinoma, etc. are taken up after detailed discussions between the surgeon and the oncologist. This interaction helps in the optimisation of the treatment for each patient.

Stoma Care Centre

The department has a fully equipped stoma care centre that takes care of patients with stomas. Patients who need permanent or temporary diversion of the faecal stream are given advice regarding the types of stoma care materials and are trained about the proper use and care of the appliances. The unit is manned by trained enterostomal therapists. They take care to ensure smooth and painless transition to life with a stoma.

Stoma care products are available at subsidised rates through the hospital pharmacy, which is a boon to patients who need a variety of imported and indigenous products for stoma care. The facility of stoma counseling and products are available for patients operated at other hospitals.

Trauma and Emergency Services

The GI Surgery unit functions as a tertiary referral center for hepatobiliary and pancreatic trauma from all over Kerala. Complicated postoperative GI and biliary fistulas are also admitted through the emergency services.The GI bleed team composing of the critical care specialist, the medical gastroenterologist, interventional radiologist and the GI surgeon manage the patient with a well coordinated approach. The excellent conventional and interventional radiological facilities available in the hospital allow conservative treatment for many major intra-abdominal injuries especially major intra-abdominal vascular trauma.

Specialty Clinics

Liver Transplantation Clinic

The AIMS transplant team comprises of experienced transplant and vascular surgeons backed up by a large GI surgical and anesthetic team. The pre-transplant work up and followup are done at a monthly liver transplant clinic conducted at the Department of GI Surgery. In this clinic experienced hepatologists and the transplant team streamline the treatment plans for individual patients with end-stage liver disease. The excellent intensive care and supportive services meet the full compliment of requirements for a successful transplant setup.

Pancreas Clinic

Surgical treatment is offered to patients with pancreatic cancers as well as chronic pancreatitis.The pancreas clinic is conducted in coordination with the Medical Gastroenterology and Endocrinology departments to give integrated care to patients with chronic pancreatitis.

Obesity Clinic

Obesity clinic is conducted in association with the Department of Endocrinology.

CONTACT US

Phone : 0484 - 2851125
Email : gisurgery@aims.amrita.edu